As of 2008, Greece produced around 4,6 million tonnes of municipal solid waste, recording an increase of 50% to 1990 levels. In recent years, due to the economic crisis, there is a reduction in the amounts of waste generated. The composition of Urban Solid Waste in Greece consists 40% of biodegradable waste, 29% of paper, 14% of plastic, 3% of metal, 3% of glass and 11% the rest.

The techniques applied for waste collection in Greece, include mainly the collection of mixed waste as well as separate collection programs for packages, paper, plastic, metal and glass. Statistics reveal that landfill is still the technique most used in Greece (Figure 2).

Figure 2: Municipal waste management in the European Union